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Orthodontic Treatments Explained

Orthodontic treatments exist to correct dental irregularities like teeth crowding, excess spacing, overbites, or under-bites. Addressing these irregularities and treating them early allows teeth to fully develop correctly and reduces the need for corrective treatments in the future.
Included below our some common orthodontic treatments with diagrams.

Included below our some common orthodontic treatments with diagrams.

Videos of Treatment Options

Some Common Phase I Treatment Videos


What type of treatment does my child need?

Orthodontic treatments are designed for completion in one extended visit or within two phases of treatment that include a maintenance phase between treatments. With two phases of orthodontic treatments, the first phase is designed to begin when the patient has reached the age of 7 to 9 years. During this phase, the normal completion time is between 12 and 18 months.

Phase I

Several treatments may be completed during this time period.

  • Braces are placed on the maxillary and/or mandibular incisors and molars to correct severe anterior crowding
  • The upper molars are pushed back with the use of headgear
  • The upper jaw is widened with the use of a palatal expander
  • The upper jaw and existing teeth are moved forward using a face-mask
  • A removable retainer is used to redirect the growth of the jawbone

Phase II (Conventional Treatment)

Should your child require phase I treatment, phase II will be begin following the eruption of all permanent teeth during the maintenance phase. For all others, conventional treatment will begin after all of the permanent teeth have erupted. Although the age of conventional treatment varies for boys and girls, it is typically initiated between 10-12 years old. Phase II/Conventional treatment is designed to last 20 to 30 months; however, the actual length of the treatment depends of the severity of the tooth irregularities, the age of the patient, patient compliance with at-home instructions, and the consistency of attending monthly

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